Marshall L, Cross N, Binder S, Dang-Vu TT (2020) Brain Rhythms During Sleep and Memory Consolidation: Neurobiological Insights. Physiology (Bethesda). 2020 Jan 1;35(1):4-15. doi: 10.1152/physiol.00004.2019.

Wei Y, Krishnan GP, Marshall L, Martinetz T, Bazhenov M (2020) Stimulation augments spike sequence replay and memory consolidation during slow-wave sleep. J Neurosci. 2020; 40 (4): 811-824.. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1427-19.2019.

Binder S, Mölle M, Lippert M, Bruder R, Aksamaz S, Ohl F, Wiegert JS, Marshall L (2019) Monosynaptic Hippocampal-Prefrontal Projections Contribute to Spatial Memory Consolidation in Mice. J Neurosci. 2019 Aug 28;39(35):6978-6991. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2158-18.2019.

Campos-Beltrán D, Konradsson-Geuken Å, Quintero JE, Marshall L(2018). Amperometric Self-Referencing Ceramic Based Microelectrode Arrays for D-Serine Detection. Biosensors (Basel). 2018 Mar 6;8(1). pii: E20. doi: 10.3390/bios8010020.

Koo PC, Mölle M, Marshall L (2018). Efficacy of slow oscillatory-transcranial direct current stimulation on EEG and memory - contribution of an inter-individual factor. Eur J Neurosci. 47(7): 812-823., doi: 10.1111/ejn.13877

Weigenand A, Mölle M, Werner F, Martinetz T, Marshall L. Timing matters: open-loop stimulation does not improve overnight consolidation of word pairs in humans. Eur J Neurosci. 2016 Sep;44(6):2357-68. doi: 10.1111/ejn.13334.

Schellenberger Costa M, Weigenand A, Ngo H-VV, Marshall L, Born J, Martinetz T, et al. (2016) A Thalamocortical Neural Mass Model of the EEG during NREM Sleep and Its Response to Auditory Stimulation. PLoS Comput Biol 12(9): e1005022. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005022
Data and/or scripts are available on request.

Binder S,Berg K, Gasca F, Lafon B, Parra LC, Born J, Marshall L (2014). Transcranial slow oscillation stimulation during sleep enhances memory consolidation in rats. Brain Stimul. 7(4):508-15.
Data and/or scripts are availablehere.

Binder S, Rawohl J, Born J, Marshall L (2014) Transcranial slow oscillation stimulation during NREM sleep enhances acquisition of the radial maze task and modulates cortical network activity in rats. Front Behav Neurosci 7:220.
Data and/or scripts are available on request.

Menz MM, Rihm JS, Salari N, Born J, Kalisch R, Pape HC, Marshall L, Büchel C (2013) The role of sleep and sleep deprivation in consolidating fear memories. Neuroimage. 75:87-96.

Reato D, Gasca F, Datta F, Bikson M, Marshall L, Parra LC (2013) Transcranial electrical stimulation accelerates human sleep homeostasis. PLoS Comput Biol 9: e1002898.
Data and/or scripts are available on request.

Ayoub A, Aumann D, Hörschelmann A, Kouchekmanesch A, Paul P, Born J, Marshall L (2013) Differential effects on fast and slow spindle activity, and the sleep slow oscillation in humans with carbamazepine and flunarizine to antagonize voltage-dependent Na+ and Ca2+ channel activity. SLEEP 36:905-11.
Data and/or scripts are available on request.

Göder R, Baier PC, Beith B, Baecker C, Seeck-Hirschner M, Junghanns K, Marshall L (2013) Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation during sleep on memory performance in patients with schizophrenia. Schizophr Res 144:153-4.

Binder S, Baier, PC, Mölle M, Inostroza M, Born J, Marshall L (2012) Sleep enhances memory consolidation in the hippocampus-dependent object-place recognition task in rats. Neurobiol Learn Mem 97:213-9.

Bergmann TO, Mölle M, Schmidt MA, Lindner C, Marshall L, Born J, Siebner HR. (2012) EEG-guided TMS reveals rapid shifts in motor cortical excitability during the human sleep slow oscillation. J Neurosci 32:243-53.

Gasca F, Marshall L, Binder S, Schlaefer A, Hofmann U, Schweikard A (2011) Finite element simulation of transcranial current stimulation in realistic rat head model. International IEEE EMBS Conf Neural Engin, Cancun, Mexicso, 36-9.

Mölle M, Bergmann TO, Marshall L, Born J (2011) Fast and Slow Spindles during the Sleep Slow Oscillation: Disparate Coalescence and Engagement in Memory Processing. Sleep 34: 1411-21. 

Marshall L, Kirov R, Brade J, Mölle M, Born J (2011) Transcranial electrical currents to probe EEG brain rhythms and memory consolidation during sleep in humans. PLoS One 6: e16905 (2011).

Groppa S, Bergmann TO, Siems C, Mölle M, Marshall L, Siebner HR (2010) Slow-oscillatory transcranial direct current stimulation can induce bidirectional shifts in motor cortical excitability in awake humans. Neuroscience 166: 1219-1225.

Benedict C, Scheller J, Rose-John S, Born J, Marshall L (2009) Enhancing influence of intranasal interleukin-6 on slow-wave activity and memory consolidation during sleep.FASEB J 23: 3629-36.

Kirov R, Weis C, Siebner, HR, Born J, Marshall L (2009) Wake slow oscillation electrical brain stimulation promotes EEG theta activity and memory encoding. Proc Natl Acad Sci 106: 15460-5.

Bergmann TO, Groppa S, Seeger M, Mölle M, Marshall L, Siebner HR (2009). Acute changes in motor cortical excitability during slow oscillatory and constant anodal transcranial direct current stimulation. J Neurophysiol 102: 2303-11.

Weiss MM, Wolbers T, Peller M, Witt K, Marshall L, Büchel C, Siebner HR (2009) Multiple frontoparietal loops subserve visuospatial transformation during mental rotation of numbers and letters. Neuroimage 44: 1063-73.

Bergmann, TO, Mölle M, Marshall L, Kaya-Yildiz L, Born J, Siebner HS (2008) The local signature of LTP- and LTD-like plasticity in human NREM sleep. Eur J Neurosci 27:2241-9.

Hoffman KL, Battaglia FP, Harris K, MacLean JN, Marshall L, Mehta MR. (2007) The upshot of up states in the neocortex: from slow oscillations to memory formation.J Neurosci 27: 11838-41.

Benedict C, Dimitrov S, Marshall L, Born J (2007) Sleep enhances serum interleukin-7 concentrations in humans. Brain Behav Immun 21: 1058-1062.

Marshall L, Helgadóttir H, Mölle M, Born J (2006) Boosting slow oscillations during sleep potentiates memory. Nature 444: 610-613.

Mölle M, Yeshenko O, Marshall L, Sara SJ, Born J (2006) Hippocampal sharp wave-ripples linked to slow oscillations in rat slow-wave sleep. J Neurophysiol 96: 62-70.

Marshall L, Mölle M, Siebner HR, Born J (2005) Bifrontal transcranial direct current stimulation slows reaction time in a working memory task. BMC Neurosci 6:23-31.

Hallschmid M, Schultes B, Marshall L, Mölle M, Kern W, Bredthauer J, Fehm HL, Born J (2004) Transcortical direct current potential shift reflects immediate signaling of systemic insulin to the human brain. Diabetes 53: 2202-2208.

Marshall L, Mölle M, Hallschmid M, Born J (2004) Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) during sleep improves memory. J Neurosci 24: 9985-92.

Mölle M, Marshall L, Gais S, Born J (2004) Learning increases human EEG coherence during subsequent slow sleep oscillations. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA101: 13963-13968.

Marshall L, Mölle M, Born J (2003) Spindle and slow oscillations at slow wave sleep transitions are linked to strong shifts in cortical DC potential. Neuroscience 121: 1047-1053.

Lange T, Marshall L, Späth-Schwalbe E, Fehm HL, Born J (2002) Systemic immune parameters and sleep after ultra low dose administration of IL-2 in healthy men. Brain Behav Immun 16: 663-674. 

Marshall L, Henze DA, Hirase H, Leinekugel X, Dragoi G, Buzsáki G (2002) Hippocampal pyramidal cell-interneuron spike transmission is frequency dependent and responsible for place modulation of interneuron discharge. J Neurosci 22: RC197.

Mölle M, Marshall L, Gais S, Born J (2002) Grouping of spindle activity during slow oscillations in human non-REM sleep. J Neurosci 15: 10941-10947.

Mölle M, Marshall, L, Fehm, HL Born, J (2002) EEG theta synchronization conjoined with alpha desynchronization indicate explicit encoding. Eur J Neurosci 15: 923-928.

Marshall L , Perras B, Fehm HL, Born J (2001) Changes in immune cell counts and Interleukin (IL)-1ß production in humans after a somnogenically active growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) administration. Brain Behav Immun 15: 227-234.

Schmitt B, Mölle M, Marshall L, Hallschmid M, Born J (2001) Scalp recorded direct current (DC) potential shifts associated with food intake in hungry humans. Behavioral Brain Res119: 85-92.  

Marshall L, Mölle M, Fehm HL, Born J (2000) Changes in the direct current (DC) potential and infra slow periodic EEG activity at the onset of the luteinizing hormone (LH) pulse. Eur J Neurosci 12: 3935-3943.

Mölle M, Schwank I, Marshall L, Klöhn A, Born J (2000) Dimensional complexity and power spectral measures of the EEG during functional versus predicative problem solving. Brain Cogn 44: 547-563. 

Schmitt B, Marshall L, Hallschmid M, Eulitz C, Nitsche M, Born J (2000) Slow cortical DC-potential response to sweet and bitter tastes in humans. Physiol Behav 71: 581-587. 

Schmitt B, Mölle M, Marshall L, Born J (2000) Scalp recorded direct current potential shifts associated with quenching thirst in man. Psychophysiology 37:766-776.

Born J, Hansen K, Marshall L, Mölle M, Fehm HL (1999) Timing the end of nocturnal sleep. Nature 397: 29-30.

Marshall L, Derad I, Strasburger CJ, Fehm HL, Born J (1999) A determinant factor in the efficacy of GHRH administration in promoting sleep: high peak concentration versus recurrent increasing slopes. Psychoneuroendocrinology 24: 363-370. 

Mölle M, Marshall L, Wolf B, Fehm HL, Born J (1999) EEG complexity and performance measures of creative thinking. Psychophysiology 36: 95-104. 

Perras B, Marshall L, Köhler G, Born J, Fehm HL (1999) Sleep and endocrine changes alter intranasal administration of growth hormone-releasing hormone in young and aged humans. Psychoneuroendocrinology 24: 743-757. 

Perras B, Pannenborg H, Marshall L, Pietrowsky R, Born J, Fehm HL (1999) Beneficial treatment of age related sleep disturbances with prolonged intranasal vasopressin. J Clin Psychopharmacology 19: 28-36.

Marshall L, Mölle M, Fehm HL, Born J (1998) Scalp recorded direct current brain potentials during human sleep. Eur J Neurosci 10: 1167-1178. 

Späth-Schwalbe E, Hansen K, Schmidt F, Schrezenmeier H, Marshall L, Burger K, Fehm HL, Born J (1998) Acute effects of recombinant human interleukin-6 on endocrine and central nervous sleep functions in healthy men. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 83: 1573-1579.

Bierwolf C, Struve K, Marshall L, Fehm HL, Born J (1997) Slow wave sleep drives inhibition of pituitary-adrenal secretion in humans. J Neuroendocrinology 9: 479-484.  IF:3.252

Born J, Lange T, Hansen K, Marshall L, Fehm HL (1997) Effects of sleep and circadian rhythm on human circulating immune cells. J Immunology 158: 4454-4464. 

Mölle M, Albrecht C, Marshall L, Fehm HL, Born J (1997) Adrenocorticotropin widens  the focus of attention in humans. A nonlinear electroencephalographic analysis. Psychosom Med 59: 497-502.

Marshall L, Mölle M, Böschen G, Steiger A, Fehm HL, Born J (1996) Greater efficacy of episodic than continuous growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) administration in promoting slow-wave sleep (SWS). J Clin Endocrinol Metab 81: 1009-1013.

Marshall L, Mölle M, Michaelsen S, Fehm HL, Born J (1996) Slow potential shifts at sleep-wake transitions and shifts between NREM and REM sleep. Sleep 19: 145-151.

Marshall L, Mölle M, Bartsch P (1996) Event-related gamma band activity during passive and active oddball tasks. Neuroreport 7: 1517-1520.

Mölle M, Marshall L, Lutzenberger W, Pietrowsky R, Fehm HL, Born J (1996) Enhanced dynamic complexity in the human EEG during creative thinking. Neurosci Lett 208: 61-64.

Mölle M, Marshall L, Pietrowsky R, Lutzenberger W, Fehm HL, Born J (1995) Dimensional complexity of the EEG indicates a right frontocortical locus of attentional control. J Psychophysiology 9: 45-55.

Marshall L, Mölle M, Schreiber H, Fehm HL, Born J (1994) Scalp recorded direct current potential shifts associated with the transition to sleep in man. Electroenceph Clin Neurophysiol 91: 346-352.


Ghorbani M, Marshall L (2020) Manipulating neural activity and sleep-dependent memory consolidation. Neuroforum 02:93-99.

Koo PC, Marshall L (2016). Neuroscience: A Sleep Rhythm with Multiple Facets. Curr Biol. Sep 12;26(17):R813-5. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2016.07.027

Marshall L, Binder S (2013). Contribution of transcranial oscillatory stimulation to research on neural networks: an emphasis on hippocampo-neocortical rhythms. Front Hum Neurosci 7:614.

Reis J, Robertson E, Krakauer JW, Rothwell J, Marshall L, Gerloff C, Wassermann E, Pascual-Leone A, Hummel F, Celnik PA, Classen J, Floel A, Ziemann U, Paulus W, Siebner HR, Born J, Cohen LG (2008) Consensus: "Can tDCS and TMS enhance motor learning and memory formation?" Brain Stimulat 1: 363-369.

Marshall L, Born J (2007) The contribution of sleep to hippocampus-dependent memory consolidation. Trends Cogn Sci, 11: 442-50.

Book chapters

Marshall, L (2020) A role for neuronal oscillations of sleep in memory and cognition. In: Neuronal Oscillations of Wakefulness and Sleep. (Editors: Dang-Vu TT, Courtemanche R), pp 192-222: Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Campos-Beltrán, D & Marshall, L (2017) Electric Stimulation to Improve Memory Consolidation During Sleep. In Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory Consolidation (Editors: Nikolai Axmacher, Björn Rasch) Springer: 301-312.

Aumann D, Marshall L (2012) Contribution to Section: Sleep Neurobiology, on ‘Transcranial electrical currents to probe EEG brain rhythms and memory consolidation during sleep in humans’: In: Best of Sleep Medicine (Lee-Chiong T, ed), pp 19-21.

Marshall L, Born J (2011) Brain stimulation during sleep. In: Sleep, memory, and learning (Stickgold R, ed), pp 85-95. Philadelphia: Saunders.

Marshall L, Born J (2002) Brain-immune interactions in sleep. In: Neurobiology of the immune system. Int Rev Neurobiol 52: 93-131.

Conference contributions